Turn the Bus Application
Ensuring that students passing out of 12th grade have access to reliable course learning is a challenge organizations like Turn the Bus are addressing in rural Bihar. For a state that has struggled hard to achieve a literacy rate of 63.82% (73.39% for males and 53.33% for females), not paying attention to literacy of girls will only pull back the gains made thus far, especially with the closures in schools across the country in wake of COVID-19.
Green Jobs create a solution to climate change
With pressure mounting on families to sustain their livelihoods, there is a continued trend of migration from rural to urban areas. Low literacy levels, lack of sustainable livelihood options, indebtedness, and climatic degradation are some of the factors pushing young people to move to lucrative low-skill jobs that are often available in cities.
Significance of gender equity and equality:
Gender equality is intrinsically linked to sustainable development and is vital to the realization of human rights for all. Gender equality is the creation of a society in which women and men have same opportunities and rights in all spheres of life. The country is striving towards equality in distribution of power and influence; equal opportunities for education and financial independence; opportunity to develop personal ambitions, tackle gender-based violence at home or at work.
The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in most people taking to internet-based services to communicate, educate and continue with their job responsibilities from home. Access to smartphones and data connections became all the more important in 2020; despite the growing importance of connectivity there is still a significant mobile gender gap.
Curating the problem in achieving quality education
The National Population Policy 2020 aligns with transformative knowledge for young people in India (NPP 2020). The NPP 2020 is one of the steps that the central government of India has taken towards realizing the Sustainable Development Goal-4 ‘quality education’. The policy focuses on increased critical thinking abilities, higher order thinking and deeper learning, mastery of content, problem solving, team work and communication skills besides general engagement and enjoyment of learning.
Snapshot of status of education in Bihar
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) #4-Quality Education is one of the most important SDGs to ensure that ‘no one is left behind’. The 17 SDGs were adopted by the United Nations in 2015 and countries are to achieve them by 2030. As a signatory, India is committed to inclusive and quality education to all students by 2030.
Why research is important in social development
Research uncovers knowledge, and has now moved into the dimension of empowerment by engaging communities who are affected by a social problem.
Every year, a large number of students drop out of school worldwide. This hinders their economic and social well-being as well as reduces the literacy rate of the country and creates a non-innovative environment. The issue of dropout in India is of particular importance and interest.
A policy is defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific goals within a society” (WHO), while implementation is viewed as a process, an output or outcome. The core elements of a policy are as follows.